مفردات المقررات قسم هندسة القدرة
مفردات المقررات
المرحلة الاولى 
Mathematics 
1 Brief Review: (12hrs) Trigonometry, Analytic Geometry, sets relations, function (Algebraic and Trigonometric),Differentiation and integration. 2 Transcendental Function: (9hrs) (Inverse Trigonometric, natural logarithmic, Exponential and power.) i) Definition ii) properties iii) Graphs iv) Derivatives and integrals. 3 Applications of the Define integral: (9hrs) i) Areas between curves. ii) volumes of revolution. iii) Length of the curve. iv) Surface area of revolution. 4 Hyperbolic Function : (9hrs) i) Definition. ii) Properties. iii) Graphs. iv) Inverse hyperbolic. v) Deferential and integration. 5 Method of integration: (12hrs) i) Trigonometric substitutions. ii) Quadratics. iii) Partial fractions. iv) Integration by parts. v) Further substations. 6 Approximations integral: (8hrs) i) Trapezoidal. ii) Simpson. 7 Vector Algebra: (8hrs) i) Representation of Vectors in space (i, j, k) unit vectors. ii) Scalar product. iii) Vector product 8 Complex Numbers: (12hrs) i) Invented number systems. ii) The Argand Diagram. iii) Addition, Subtraction, Product, Quotient, Power and Roots. iv) Demoivers theorem. 9 Polar Coordinates: (8hrs) i) The polar coordinates system. ii) Graphs of polar equations. iii) Plane Area in polar coordinates . 10 Matrices and Determinants: (12hrs) i) Definitions. ii) Properties. iii) Inverse of a matrix. iv) Solution of Equation (Crammers rule). Recommended Text Book: Calculus& Analytic Geometry By Thomas 
Electrical Eng. Fundamentals 
1 Circuit Variables and Circuit Element (8hrs) System of units, voltage and current, circuit elements, voltage and current source, electrical resistance and conductance. Ohm's and Kirchoffs law, power and energy. 2 Circuit Transformations (12hrs) Resistances in series and parallel, source transformation, current and voltage division, delta" star and stardelta transformations. 3 Techniques of Circuit Analysis (20hrs) Basic terminology, the loop current method, the node voltage method, circuit theorems: superposition, Thevenin's, Norton's, reciprocity, and maximum power transfer. 4 Sinusoidal Alternating Current (8hrs) Ac generation, polarities and directions, RMS and average values, circuit elements in the phasor domain, power factors. 5 Phasors (12hrs) AC current through various circuit element, operations with complex number, phasor diagram. 6 AC Power Calculations (8hrs) Active, reactive and apparent power, power in complex form, the power tringle. 7 Resonance in AC Circuits (8hrs) Frequency response of various circuit element, resonance in series and parallel circuits, quality, factor, the half power frequencies. 8 Circuit theorem in AC circuits (16hrs) Loop and node voltage methods in AC circuits, circuit theorems in AC circuits . 9 Magnetic Circuits (16hrs) Magnetic filed, characteristics of lines of magnetic flux, magnetic filed due to an electric current, mmf, magnetic filed strength, magnetic constants reluctance, Kirchffs laws for magnetic circuit, series and parallel magnetic circuit. Recommended Textbook: Boylestad, R, L., Introductory Circuit Analysis (4th Edition), Charles E. Merill Pubishers. 
Engineering Drawing 
1 Basic Concepts: (6hrs) Introduction to engineering drawing and its uses as engineering language in industry dimensioning symbols and terms used in drawing, metric system, names and dimensions of lines used in drawings. 2 Lettering and Numbers: (3hrs) Arabic and Latin Lettering and numerals. 3 Drawing of Geometrical Patterns: (12hrs) Drawing various types of geometrical patterns (Traeery), Various methods of drawing ellipses, various types of tangents. 4 Drawing of Sectional Views and Tangents: (12hrs) Drawing according to scale, drawing various views of an actual object, rejections of all views necessary for a given object, projection of views using first and third angle projection methods. 5 Isometric Projection: (12hrs) Freehand sketching proper and reasonable proportion. 6 Computer Aided Engineering Drawing: (45hrs) The use of AutoCAD in engineering drawing. Description of menu Bar and toolbars. Drawing Ellipse, Rectangle, line, Ray, Circle, point, Arc,  etc. The use of various layers. Drawing electrical symbols on simple architectural plans. 
Digital Technique 
1 Introduction to Digital Technique: (6hrs) 2 Basic Definitions: (4hrs) 3 System of Number: (6hrs) .General number formula: Binary, Octal, decimal & hexadecimal numbers. 4 Number Base Conversion: (6hrs) Arithmetic operation in define number, complements, binary, codes, BCD, Ex3, gray code 5 Boolean Algebra : (6hrs) Basic Definition, basic theorem & properties, Boolean functions 6 Canoncal & Standard Forms Digital Logic Gates: (6hrs) 7 Karanough maps : (6hrs) AND, OR implementation, don’t care condition. 8 Adders Arithmetic Operation: (6hrs) Subtractions, half & full adders & subtracts, Binary parallel adders. 9 Code Conversion: (6hrs) Even and odd party logic, decoders encoders compactor, multiplexes & Demaltiplexrs. 10 Sequential Logic : (6hrs) Filp Flops (RS, T, D, JK) Master salve FF, Counters. Shift registers. 
Computers Science 
1 Introduction (2hrs) 2 MSDOS Operating System (4hrs) 3 Windows Operating System: (8hrs) Introduction to Desktop, using the mouse, my computer, closing  max  min an open window, creating new folder, selecting folders, finding folders or files copying and moving files and folders. How to start any program shut Down formatting floppy disk, scandisk, arranging icon, run, help, etc. 4 Win Word: (8hrs) Description of the opening screen components, Title bar, menu bar, toolbars creating a new file, opening an exiting file, the use of the close, save, save as, page setup, print preview, print, edit undo, typing, repeat typing, cut copy paste, clear, select all, find replace, go to, etc, VIEW (Tool bars header and footer, zoom) INSERT (page numbers, symbol, footnote, picture  Textbox object). FORMAT (font, paragraph, bullets and numbering, borders and shading, columns). TOOLS (Spelling and grammar, language). TABLE (insert tables, insert rows, delete cells, split cell, select row, select column, table auto format, sort, formula). 5 Excel (8hrs) How to start Excel program, Menu bar, tool bar, formula bar, worksheet cell, creating new workbooks, Clearing cell, saving your work, closing workbook, zoom, drag and drop, insert cells, delete cell find, replace, auto sum,, enter a formula manually, formatting work sheet, Auto format, print, print preview,. Drawing charts. 6 power point: (8hrs) Description of its features and use, the function of toolbars and menu items (File, Edit, View, Format, Tools, Side show0. 7 Computer Aided Programs/AutoCAD, Electronic Multisimulator: (12hrs) Description of the facilities provided by Auto CAD, drawing various,. Geometrical patterns. The use of various tools provided and various menu items. 8 Internet (10hrs) 
Physical Electronic 
1 Energy Levels and Atomic Structure : (10hrs) The atom, models, wave nature of light, dual nature of matter wave unction, energy  band theory of metals, insulators and Semiconductors, Crystal structure, ionic, covalent and metallic bounding energy hand of crystal. Internal structure of material cell, packing miller indices, crystal and directions, brags law and Xray diffraction, electronic ballistics. 2 Electrical Conduction in Metals: (6hrs) Mobility and conduction, energy distribution of electrons, Fermi level work function. 3 Semiconductors: (8hrs) Semiconductors materials (S1, GE, and compound Semiconductors) Extrinsic semiconductors, Fermi  level in semiconductor, diffusion and Carrier life time Half effect. 4 Semiconductor PN Junction: (8hrs) PN junction in equilibrium current  voltage characteristics, charge control decryption of a diode transition and diffusion capacitance, diode switching times, diode model, smallsignal model and load line concept, introduction To hetero junctions and double hetero junctions. 5 Diode Circuit Applications: (10hrs) Rectifiers, zener diodes voltage regulators, clipping circuits, clamping circuits and wave from generation. 6 Other types of semiconductor Diodes: (8hrs) Varactor diode, tunnel diode, photodiode and photovoltaic (solar) cell, Light Emitting diode, principle and operation of semiconductor laser, metal Electronic palasisics semiconductor diode. 7 Photovoltaic cell (4hrs) 
Technical English 
Introduction. 1. 1 Parts of Speech 1. 2 Reading of Numerals and simple equations . 1. 3 Exercises . ( 22hrs ) 2 Reading Passages . 2. 1 Transformers . 2. 1 .1 Exercises . 2. 2 The Photoelectric Cell . 2. 2. 1 Exercises . 2. 3 Electric Motors . 2. 3. 1Exercises . 2. 4 Computers . 2. 4. 1Exercises . 2. 5 Radar . 2. 5. 1 Exercises . ( 30hrs ) . 3 Grammar Points 3. 1 The present Tense . 3. 2 The Passive Tense . 3. 3 Make + Noun ( or pronoun ) + Infinitive . 3. 4 Verbs followed by _ ing form . 3. 5 The Position of the Adverbs . 3. 6 The Position of the Adjectives . 3. 7 Some Prefixes used in Scientific English . 3. 8 Questions . Recommended Text Book: A Course in English for Engineering and Scientific Students by E.J. Shams ElDean.1985. 
Mechanical Eng. I 
1 Static : (15 hrs) Force system, unit system, parallelogram law, force + components, Result of Coplanar force components of force in space, moment of A force, moment of couples, Equilibrium: free body diagram, coplanar system, analysis of trusses, friction nature of friction, theory of friction, coefficient of friction, centurions & center of gravity, centurions of area, Centurions determined by integration, moment of inertia: parallel Axes Theorem, 2nd moment of area by integration, radius, moment of inertia of Composite area. 2 Strength of materials : (10hrs) Hooks law, tension and compression stress thin  walled cylinders and spheres, combined stress (Mohr's circle) shear and normal stress, stresses in beams (initial principal). 3 Dynamics: (15hrs) Kinetics of particle, rectilinear motion, curvilinear motion, rectangular components of curvilinear motion, normal and tangential component of Acceleration, kinetics: force, mass and acceleration, kinetics of particle Newton's 2nd law. 4 Thermodynamics : (20hrs) Introduction, Active materials & their specification, work and heat in ideals gasses and steam 1st law thermodynamics practical law in steam and gasses, 2nd law of thermodynamics practical law in steam and gasses. 
الورش 
المرحلة الثانية 
computer programming 
1 Turbo C++ language: (46hrs) A brief history / importance of C++ Simple program of C++ identification, declaration, Data types, Expressions, Operations, Arithmetic, logical, Assignment, Relation of operators bitwise, ternary, I/O operation, cin statement, cout statement, main ( ) function, semi column, Basic program control (for) statement, nesting loop, (while) statement, (Do, while) nesting loop, (if) statement, (ifelse) statement, switch ( ) statement, break statement, continue statement, application (series, factorial, equations), arrays, 1D arrays initialization, declaration storing Multidimensional arrays, initialization, Declaration application of 2D  arrays, character arrays, arrays & pointers, creating pointer, Declaration pointer, initialization pointer & variable types, application on pointers. 2 Programming by Matlab: (14hrs) A brief history / importance of matlab, simple program of Matlab, variable numbers, operations, functions, plots of points, axes label, graph title, drawing multi point in the same graph, basic program control (for) statement, nesting loop, (if) statement, (ifelse) statement, Array, 1D arrays initialization, 2D arrays, matrix operations in matlab. 
Electric Network 
1 Three  Phase Networks: Three phases voltage source, phase sequence, line and phase qualities, analysis of YY, YD, DY, DD connected circuits, power calculations and measurements in three phase circuit, the method of symmetrical components. 2 Two  Port Network: Introduction terminal equations, two port parameters (z, y, h and ABCD), equivalent circuits, interconnected two  ports. 3 Locus Diagrams: Concept, locus diagrams of simple series and parallel circuit. 4 Circuits with Mutual inductance: The concept of mutual inductance, polarity and the dot convection, the ideal transformer, equivalent circuits for magnetically coupled coils. 5 Non  Sinusoidal Waves The Fourier series, Fourier coefficients, analysis of circuits with non  sinusoidal waves, illustrative applications, active power calculations with periodic functions, rms value of periodic function. 6 Electric Transients (Classical Method) The natural and forced response of series and parallel circuits, circuit with zero and non zero initial conditions. 7 Electric Transients (Laplace Method) Applications of laplace transformer in transient analysis, circuits elements in the S domain, laplace equivalent circuits, inverse transformers. 8 Electric Filters Simple passive filter, low  pass, high  pass and band  pass filter. Application of computers in solving circuit problems Recommended. Textbook: J.W. Nilsson Electric Circuit Addison  Wesley Pub. 
Mathematics (II) 
1 Sequence and Series: (12hrs) i Sequence: convergence, test of monotone. ii Series: geometric series, nth partial sum, test of convergence, alternating series. iii Polar and Toaylor's series. 2 Partial Differentiation: (12hrs) i Function of two or more variables. ii Partial derivative. iii Directional Derivative. iv Gradient, divergence and curl. v Tangent plane and normal line. vi Maxima, minima, & saddle point. 3 Ordinary Differential Equation: (12hrs) i First order (variables separable, homogenous, linear  Bernouli and extra. ii Second order (homogenous and non homogenous). iii Higher order differential equation. 4 (A) Laplace Transform (L.T) (12hrs) i Unit step function. ii Gama function. iii Definition of L.T. iv properties. (B) Inverse Laplace Transform. i Properties. ii partial function. iii Solution of differential equation by using (L.T). (C) Applications. Orthogonal trajectories and electric circuit. 5 Fourier Series : (10hrs) i Period function. ii Fourier series  Euler formulas. iii Even and odd function (Half  Rang expansion. iv Application in electrical eng. 6 Multiple Integral i Double integral. ii Area and volume. iii Double integral in polar coordinates. iv Evaluation of volume and triple integral. v Evaluation of surface & surface integral. 7 Vectors (10hrs) i Equations of lines and planes ii Product of three or more vectors. iii vector function & motion: velocity and acceleration. iv Tangential vectors. v curvature and normal vector. 8 Matrices (12hrs) i System of linear equations (gauss elimination). ii Rank of matrix. iii Eigen vales and gen vectors. 
Electronics (I) 
1 Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJTS) (12hrs) Basic transistor operation, volt  Ampere equations for the BJT. Regions of operation, graphical analysis of BJT. Regions of operation stability & compensation graphical analysis of BJT. As an amplifier, small  signal models analysis of CE, CC 000000, and configurations, BJT, as switch current source using BJT. 2 Filed Effect Transistor (16hrs)  Junction filed  Effect transistor (JFET): physical operation and characteristic.  Metal  Oxede semiconductor FET (MOSFET): depletion type MOSFET. Enhancement  type MOSFET.  DC Analysis of FET, the FET as an amplifier, graphical (load lie) analysis small  signal FET modes, analysis of CS, CD and CG configurations, using FET as switch variable resistor, and Constant current source. 3 Multistage Amplifiers (12hrs) Analysis of multistage amplifiers (voltage gain, current gain, ect,), types of multistage amplifiers 9cascade  ect). 4 Tuned Amplifiers Transformer  coupled amplifiers, signal  turned, tapped and double tuned amplifiers. 5 Introduction to Four  Layer Device. Description and operation of silicon control rectifier, diac, thirstier, GTO and triac 
Electro Magnetic Filed 
1 Vector Algebra (4hrs) The Cartesian coordinate system, vector components and unit, vector fields, dot product, cross product, circular cylindrical coordinate, system spherical . 2 Coulombs Law and Electric Field Industry (6hrs) Coulombs law, electric field intensity  filed of npoint charges, filed due to coulombs column distribution, filed or line charge filed or sheet of charge, steam line and sketches of fields, electric flux density. 3 Gauss's Law and Divergence (8hrs) Electric flux density. Gauss's law  applications of Gauss's law, differential volume element  divergence, Maxwell's first equation. 4 Vector Operator & Divergence (6hrs) Energy and potential energy expanded in moving appoint charge. The line integral definition of potential difference & potential filed of point charge. The potential filed of system charge. Conservative property, potential gradient the dipole. 5 Energy Density in Electrostatic Filed (6hrs) Conductors dielectrics & capacity current & current density  continuity of current metallic conductors properties boundary condition, method of image semiconductor, nature of dielectric material. 6 Capacitance (7hrs) Poisson's & Laplace equations, example of solution of Laplace equation (1D). example of the solution of Poisson's equations (1D). 7 The Steady Magnetic Filed (7hrs) Biot  servant law, amperes circle law. Curl stokes theorem. Magnetic flux & Magnetic flux density. 8 The Scalar & Vector Magnetic Potential. (6hrs) Derivation of steady  magnetic filed laws, magnetic forces. 9 Materials and Inductance (5hrs) Force on moving charge, forces on differential current element. Forces between differential current elements, forces and torque on a closed circuit. 10 The Nature of Magnetic Material (5hrs) Magnetization and permeability, magnetic boundary condition. The magnetic boundary condition, the magnetic circuit. Potential energy and forces on magnetic materials, inductance and mutual inductance. 
Electrical machine(I) 
Principle of Electromechanical Energy Conversion (6hrs) Basic concepts, energy balance, energy and COenergy, electromagnetic torque, dynamic and transformer emfs, applications. DC MACHINES General (10hrs) Basic concepts, construction, winding, emf equation, armature reaction, commutation problems and their minimization. Generators (10hrs) Types of excitation, characteristics, parallel operation, applications. Motors (10hrs) Type, torque equation, characteristics, starting speed control, industrial motor control, applications. Testing (2hrs) Losses and efficiency, method of testing. TRANSFORMERS Single Phase Transformer (12hrs) Construction, leakage and magnetizing reactance's, the emf equation, voltage and current ratios, phasor diagrams equivalent circuits, voltage regulation, saturation, noload, current waveforms, harmonics, parallel operation, losses and efficiency, testing. Three Phases Transformers (4hrs) Construction, connection groups, applications, phase conversion, scott connection, multiwinding transformers. Auto  Transformers (2hrs) Principle of operation, comparison with 2winding transformers. Computer Aided Transformer Design. Recommended Textbook: M.G. Say and E.O Taylor Direct Current Machines Pitman Pub. 
MechanicalEng. II (Power Plants) 
Thermodynamics (30 hrs) Definitions/ Dimensions, Units, Mass, Force, Work and Power, Unit of Energy, Heat and System, Phase System, Open System, Close System, Property, State of a system, Process, Path, Density, State Function, Cycle, Cyclic Process, Heat Reservoir, Working Substance, Pure Substance, Pressure, Absolute and Gage Pressure, Manometer and Barometer, Thermal Equilibrium, . The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics. The First Law of Thermodynamics. Energy/ Potential energy, Kent ice energy, Internal energy, Flow energy, Work and Flow Work, Enthalpy. Steady Flow Energy Equation. Work of Steady Flow Open System. Applications of Energy Equation on Closed System. Applications on Steady Flow Energy Equation/ Nozzle, Throttling, Condenser, Boiler, Compressor, Turbine, Heat Exchange. The Second Law of thermodynamics. Specific Heat. The Constant volume Specific heat. The Constant Pressure Specific heat. Reversibility and Irreversibility. Entropy. The Carnot Cycle. Ideal Gas/ Boyles law, Charles Two Parts. Equation of State an Ideal gas. Jouls Law. Energy Relation of an Ideal Gas. Molar Specific Heat. Entropy of Perfect Gas. Constant Volume Process. Constant Pressure Process. Constant Temperature Process. Constant Entropy Process. General Process. Heat Transfer (9 hrs) Conduction. Convection. Radiation. In sulations. Fluids (9 hrs) Definitions/ Uniform Flow, Steady Flow, Unsteady Flow, Mean Velocity. Continuity of Flow. Liquids in Motion Compressity, Compressibility for Gas. Passcal Law. Bernoullis Equation. Power Plant (24 hrs) Definitions/ Power, Power Plant, Power Sources, Energy of Power, Power Plant Classification, Saturation Temp, Wet Mixture, Moisture Content, Dryness Fraction, Superheated Uapour, Degree of Superheated. Mollier Chart. Steam Power Cycle/ Carnot Cycle, Rankine Cycle. Boiler. Turbine. Condenser. Pump. Burner. Isentropic Efficiency. Work Ratio. Rankine Cycle with Superheated. Method of increasing the cycle efficiency. Method applied in resuperheating. Thermal Efficiency. Types of feed water heaters. Heat Balance of the heater. Characteristic of Steam Power Plant. Gas Turbine. Hydro Turbine Methods of increasing the work ratio. Factors Effecting in power generation and variable load . General Power Surface. 
المرحلة الثالثة 
control engineering 
Mathematical Modeling of Systems 4 Hrs. Differential equations, Laplace methods of analysis of electrical and mechanical systems. Transfer Functions 4 Hrs. Gain and phase, transient and steady state response, time domain design specifications. Block diagrams, application to electrical and mechanical systems. Frequency Response 6 Hrs. Bode plot and polar plot, frequency domain design specifications. Open and Closed Loop Systems 4 Hrs. Feedback systems, frequency response, operational amplifiers. Servomechanisms 6 Hrs. Position control systems, error analysis. Stability 8 Hrs. Stable and unstable control systems, Nyquist stability criteria, gain and phase margin, stability on Bode diagrams, root locus. Compensation 6 Hrs. Lag and lead compensation, three term controller. Analogue Computer Simulation 6 Hrs. Analogue computers, solution of differential equations. Digital Computer Simulation 6 Hrs. Computer analysis of transfer functions, time domain responses. Sampled Data Systems 6 Hrs. Method of analysis, transfer functions, stability. Recommended Textbooks : K.Ogata Modern Control Engineering Prentice  Hall Pub. 
electrical machine II 
Introduction to AC Machines 12 Hrs. Types of AC winding and their design, rotating magnetic fields, the emf equation, effects of distribution and coil pitch, mmf of AC windings, harmonics and their suppression, armature reaction. Synchronous Generators 16 Hrs. Types and constructional features, excitation systems, cooling, phasor diagrams, voltage regulation and its calculation, two reaction theory, power angle characteristics, parallel operation. Synchronous Motors 6 Hrs. Principles of operation, phasor diagrams, operation at constant input power and constant excitation, starting methods, applications. ThreePhase Induction Machines 12 Hrs. Constructional features, principles of operation, machine parameters, phasor diagrams, equivalent circuits, developed torque and power, torqueslip characteristics, effect of rotor resistance, effect of harmonics, starting, highstarting torque motors, speed control. ThreePhase Induction Motors 10 Hrs. Equivalent circuit, constant terminal voltage, constant line current, speed control, dynamic characteristics, space phasor diagram. Induction Generators 2 Hrs. principles of operation, load characteristics, comparison with synchronous generators, applications. Induction Regulators 2 Hrs. Phasor diagrams, operating characteristics, applications. Machines of wind turbine 2 Hrs Types of A.C. generators and motors that used with wind turbine, speed control of this machines, applications Recommended Textbook: 1) M.G.Say Alternating Current Machines Pitman Pub. 2) A.S. Langsdorf Theory of AC Machinery McGRAWHILL Pub. 
Electrical Power Eng. 
Electrical Power Generation 8 Hrs. Energy resources, various types of power stations, load curves and load factors. Power Transmission 20 Hrs. Transmission lines electrical design, line parameters, short, medium, and long lines, voltage drop, power losses, circle diagrams. Mechanical design, sag and tension, supports materials and types. Insulators and Corona 8 Hrs. Overhead line insulators, types and materials, voltage distribution and grading. Corona phenomenon, disruptive and visual voltages, corona losses. Power Cables 10 Hrs. Low, medium, and high voltage power cables, insulating materials, electrical parameters, cable selection and laying. Switchgear 6 Hrs. Types, performance and materials of circuit breakers and busbars. Electric fuses, characteristics, selection. Electrical Part of Power Stations & Substations 6 Hrs. Layout, various connections of generators, transformers, and busbars, Station auxiliary power supply. sustainable and renewable energy 4Hrs Definition of sustainable and renewable energy, systems that use sustainable and renewable energy Solar lighting systems  for street lighting  for barking lighting  for highway lighting.  for house lighting Solar water heating systems for houses for pooling systems Wind generated electrical power systems Recommended Textbooks: W.Stevenson Elements of Power System Analysis McGrawHill Pub. 
electronic and communication system 
Multistage system and frequency consideration 6Hrs General cascaded system, RC coupled amplifier, directcoupled amplifiers, frequency respomnce. Feedback amplifier 6Hrs Feedback concepts,properties of negative feedback amplifier ,connection types general analysis ,multistage feedback amplifiers. OPAmp and applications 6Hrs Basic differential amplifier ,OPAmp characterstic ,equivalent circuit ,op amp circuits (applications)frequency responce slow rate ,offset errors ,CMRR. Oscillators: 10hrs. Basic pricciples of sinusoidal oscillators, positive feedback and oscillation, the oscillation criterion (Barkhausen criterion). RC oscillator: RC phase shift oscillator and Wienbridge oscillator. LC and crystal oscillator. Large Signal Amplifier: 10hrs. Amplifier classes and efficiency, class (A), class (B), class (AB), class (C), power BJTs, junction temperature, thermal resistance, power dissipation versus temperature, transistor case and heatsink, power field effect transistors (VMOS), integrated circuit power amplifier. Digital (One Term) Sequential Circuit Design: 8hrs. counters (Binary, Decade, UPDown, Cascaded) counter decoding, counter applications, shift register functions, types of shift registers, staic and dynamic registers. Introduction to Programmable Logic Devices: 6hrs. PLD arrays and classification, Programmable Array Logic (PLA), Genetic Array Logic (GAL), PLD programming, PLD software, digital system applications. Interfacing: 6hrs. Digital and analog interfacing, Digital to Analog (D/A) conversion, Analog to Digital (A/D) conversion internal system interfacing, standard buses, digital system application. Arithmetic Processes: 6hrs. Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU). Digital Circuit Design for multiplication. Digital circuit design for division. Digital circuit design for Log, Exp,…, etc. 6hrs. Electronic memory circuits Bistable f/f as memory elements ,RAM,ROM,PROM,EPROM,EAROM,DRAM,Flash memory ,SIMM,DIMM,FIFO,magnetic and optical storage(CDROM). 
engineering analysis 
Fourier Transform 8Hrs Complex Fourier series, line spectra Fourier transform, continuous spectra, comparison with laplace transform, general convolution applied to laplace and Fourier transforms. The Ztransform 8Hrs Region of convergence, properties of Z transform, Ztransform pairs, the inverse of Ztransform, analysis and discretetime systems, applications. Numerical Analysis 15Hrs Finite difference, interpolation, numerical differentiation and integration, solution of differential equations, difference equations, difference equations, last squares. Matrix Analysis 8Hrs Quadratic form, characteristic equation, functions of a square matrix, CayleyHamilton theorem. Partial Differential Equations 15 Hrs. s equation, solution of boundary condition problems, Wave equation, Laplace general solution, solution by separation of variables 
High Voltage Eng. 
Electrical Breakdown in Gases, Solids and Liquids 18 Hrs. Classical gas laws, the sparking voltagePaschen's law, the breakdown field strength, breakdown in uniform and nonuniform fields, partial breakdown and corona, polarity effect, breakdown in solids and liquids. Electrostatic Fields 12 Hrs. Electrostatic field distribution, breakdown strength of insulating materials, fields in homogeneous materials, fields in multilayer materials, stress control, experimental field analysis techniques. Generation of High Voltages 14 Hrs. AC, DC, and impulse high voltages, testing transformers, series resonant circuits, impulse voltages, operation and construction of impulse generators. Measurement of High Voltages 10 Hrs. Voltage measurements by spark gaps, sphere gaps, uniform field gaps, electrostatic voltmeters, voltage dividers. Overvoltages and Insulation Coordination 6 Hrs. The lightning mechanism, simulated lightning surges for testing, protection against overvoltages, insulation coordination. Recommended Textbooks : 1) E.Kuffel,M.Abdullah High Voltage Engineering Pergamon Press Pub. 2) E.Kuffel,W. Zaengl High Voltage Engineering Fundamentals Pergamon Press Pub. 
measurements 
Systems of Units and Standards of Measurement 6 Hrs. Systems of units, International system of units, electrical standard, time and frequency standards, IEEE standards. Measurement and Error 4 Hrs. Definitions, accuracy, precision, resolution, composition of measuring system, selection factors and trends, types of error: gross, systematic, random, and limiting errors. Statistical Analysis of Data 4 Hrs. Types of data, Gaussian distribution, mean, median, standard deviation, probability of error in data and their distribution. Instruments for Measuring Basic Electrical Parameters 10 Hrs. Electromechanical and electric instruments: design, static and dynamic characteristics. Meter readings, error and compensation. Bridges and their Applications 6 Hrs. DC and AC bridges: basic electrical parameters measurement, frequency measurement. Oscilloscopes 6 Hrs. CRT deflection, probes and functions, measuring techniques, types. Transducers 6 Hrs. Position, pressure, velocity, acceleration, force, torque, temperature, Photosensitive transducers. Data Recording Instruments 4 Hrs. Chart recorders, magnetic recorders, graphic plotters, data loggers. Noise 6 Hrs. Limits to sensitivity, accuracy & speed in both analog and digital systems. S/N enhancement techniques (signal averaging, … etc). Computerbased Instrumentation and Measurement 8 Hrs. Basic concepts: instrument integration, instrumentation bus (IEEE488, GPIB buses). Software instrumental control, output data processing methods (least squares fitting 
power electronic 
Power Semiconductor Devices 8 Hrs. Power transistors and UJTs, thyristors, GTO's, LASCR, triacs, diacs, and MOSFETs, construction, basic operations and characteristics, trigger and snubber circuits, series and parallel operation of SCRs. Static Power Converters 14 Hrs. Controlled rectifier circuits, single and polyphase inverter operation, dual converter, four quadrant operation, harmonics and power factor considerations, ideal and practical operation. DC Choppers 6 Hrs. Basic processes, step down and step up choppers, principles of operation of chopper commutation. Inverters 12 Hrs. Forced commutation inverters, classification of inverters, single and three phase current and voltage sources, square and stepped waveforms, PWM inverters. ACAC Converters 6 Hrs. Single and three phase AC regulators, cyclo converters, single to single phase output, three phase to three phase output. Industrial Applications 10 Hrs. General applications, DC motor control, transportation, thyristorcontrolled reactors and capacitors. DC Drives 4 Hrs. Recommended textbooks : C. W. Lander Power Electronics McGrawHill Pub. 
المرحلة الرابعة 
control & operation of power system 
Active Power / Frequency Control 18 Hrs. Turbine governor, division of load between generators, load shedding. Reactive Power / Voltage Control 12 Hrs. Automatic voltage regulator, synchronous condensers, transformer tapchangers, shunt and series inductors and capacitors. Economic Dispatch 18 Hrs. Cost function, constraints, optimum operation, the loss less case, transmission losses, automatic generation control. Practical Applications 12 Hrs. Generator excitation control, automatic tapchanging, automatic reclosing, automatic switching of standby sources, application of computers in the control and monitoring in distribution system and power 
distribution system & Electrical design 
Distribution System Configuration 4 Hrs. Various distribution system circuit components, representation and parameters radial, ring, spike, spindle, and interconnected systems. Electrical Design of Distribution Systems 8 Hrs. Voltage level, selecting various system components, transformers, cables, overhead lines, switching and protective gear, voltage drop & power loss calculations, economical considerations. Distribution Inside Large Buildings 6 Hrs. Single rising mains, individual floor supply, ring supply, double feed and grouped supply, vertical and horizontal supply systems, main, submain, and final distribution boards. Industrial Power Distribution 6 Hrs. Special features, equipment layout, cable trenches, cable trays, earthing, emergency power supply. Reactive Power Control in Distribution Systems 4 Hrs. Individual, grouped, and centralized compensation, advantages, size and location of reactive power control equipment. Electrical Load Management 2 Hrs. Objectives, devices controlled, various methods of load control, practical implementation problems. Renewable Energy Plants 2 Hrs. Types of renewable plants, selection the size and location of embedded renewable plants, applications. Recommended Textbooks : Turan Gonen, Electric Power Distribution System Engineering, McGrawHill 1986.. Gunter G. Seip, Electrical Installation Handbook, John Wiley, 3rd Ed, 2000.. Robert B. Hickey, P.E., Electrical Engineer’s Portable Handbook, McGrawHill 2001.. T. L. Short, Electric Power Distribution Handbook, CRC Press, 2004 William H. Kersting, Distribution System Modeling and Analysis. CRC. Press, 2002. distribution system & Electrical 
Electrical Machines & drives 
Introduction to unified theory of machines 8Hrs . Introduction to electrical drives. 8Hrs Electrical drive(Be able to understand the principle of electrical drives, be able to understand the dynamics of electrical drive systems, be able to select suitable converters and their controls for drive applications ) 4hrs Design AET systems for applications in distributed generation, grid connected system, rural electrification and electric/hybrid vehicles. 3hrs Three phase induction motor drive 6Hrs Synchronous motor drives. 3Hrs Traction drives. 5Hrs DC Drives, machine control, power electronics 4Hrs AC Drives, machine control, power electronics 4Hrs Introduction to special machines 2hrs Single phase induction motor. 3hrs AC commentator motors. 4Hrs Linear electric machine. 4Hrs Stepper motor. 4Hrs Apply basic knowledge of energy to describe renewable and alternative energy. 4Hrs Analyses the characteristics of energy storage devices. 4Hrs Text Books 1Electric Machinery 6ed Fitzgerald 2Electric Machinery Fundamentals 4 ed Chapman 3 Electrical Technology 23 ed B.L. Therage 
Industrial management 
Productivity 4 Hrs. Production and Productivity, productivity measurements, factors influencing productivity, value added. Forecasting Analysis 4 Hrs. Forecasting by least square, regression method, moving average method. Linear Programming 12 Hrs. Linear programming conditions, mathematical formulation for linear programming, graphical method, algebraic method, simplex method, assignment method. Replacement Theory 6 Hrs. Replacement of items that deteriorate with time, replacement of items of items that fall completely and suddenly, replacement and maintenance. Decisions 4 Hrs. Decisions under certainty, decisions under risk, decisions under uncertainty, decisions under conflict. Application of Networks in Industrial Projects 12 Hrs. The principles of the network, critical path method ( CPM ), program evaluation and review technique. Project Evaluation 6 Hrs. Stages of evaluation, evaluation under commercial profit, evaluation under social profit, technical evaluation. Quality Control 8 Hrs. Quality control and International Standards Organization ( ISO ) Inventory Control 4 Hrs 
power system analysis 
Power System Modeling 10Hrs. Modeling of generators, transformers, lines, cables, and loads. The perunit system. Fault Current Calculations 30 Hrs. Types of fault, calculation of threephase balanced fault currents, sequence networks and unsymmetrical fault calculation, fault current limiting. Load Flow Studies 20 Hrs. Load flow in radial and simple loop networks, various methods of solution, the Gauss Seidel and NewtonRaphson methods. Power System Stability 20 Hrs. Concepts, steadystate, transient and dynamic stability, equalarea criterion. Recommended Textbooks : 1. B.M.Weedy Electrical Power Systems John Wiley Pub. 2. Hadi Saadat Power System Analysis John Wiley Pub 
power system protection 
Basic Principles & Relay Types 18 Hrs. Definitions and terminology, basic requirements, protection zones, primary and backup protection. Basic types of relays, moving coil relays, induction relays, thermal, static, and computer relaying. Over current Protection 12 Hrs. Constant time relays, inverse timelag relays, timecurrent grading and coordination. Directional over current relays, examples of time and current grading. Distance Protection 16 Hrs. Principles, characteristics & performance, protection zone, relay setting, reactance and mho relays. Differential Protection 18 Hrs. Operating principles, current setting, use of bias, applications. Protective Schemes 20 Hrs. Transformer protection, generator and generatortransformer protection, busbar protection, protection TL, feeders and induction motors. Recommended Textbooks : 1) Power System Protection 2) J.L.Blackburn Edited by the British Elec.Council Protective Relaying Parts 1,2 & 3 ( Principles & Applic.) Peter Peregrinus Ltd. Pub. Marcel Dekker Inc. Pub. 
